British Military Longarms

You are here: Home > Firearms > British Military Longarms

Musketry instruction and the Hythe School of Musketry are discussed further within: Military Marksmanship. See also: Ammunition.


  • Pattern 1838 Musket – The “Musket, Rank and File for Foot Guards”, the first percussion musket to be issued in quantity to British soldiers.



  • Brunswick – This curious arm with its two-groove bore and belted bullet remained in the hands of Regulars, Militia and Native troops for almost half a century.

Muskets, Carbines and Rifles – 1853 and beyond

  • Enfield – The family of British Service Rifles and Carbines introduced during the 1850’s and 1860’s in 0.577 calibre marked the culmination of the soldiers’ muzzle loading firearm.
  • Snider-Enfield – The breech loading conversion of the muzzle loading Enfield rifle.
  • Martini Arms – Martini arms in British service: Martini-Henry, Martini-Enfield, Martini-Metford.
  • Lee Magazine Rifles – The British Service Lee: Lee-Metford and Lee-Enfield rifles and carbines.

Small Arms Trials

  • Small Arms Trials – Reports on individual arms and wider trials of British military small arms.